The Dominican Republic takes up a touch over two thirds of the eastern side of the island of Santa Domingo. The island has been known by this name for more than 150 years, although many people still refer to it by its old name of Hispaniola (the Antilles archipelago).
It is hemmed in by the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea or Sea of the Antilles, the Mona Passage (frontier with Puerto Rico) and the Republic of Haiti.
It is without doubt one of the most beautiful spots on the planet, where crystal-clear turquoise waters lap up on magnificent white sandy beaches surrounded by lush vegetation and colourful coral reefs.
The capital Santo Domingo was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1990 and is a perfect illustration of colonial tradition, colour and variety.